Lexicon contributions (2010)

68) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2010).  Belief Systems: Iran, The Principles of Javanmardi and  Ayyaran, Shah-Nama, Recitations (Naqqali), Passion Plays (Ta'ziyeh). In: Svinth, Joseph R. and Thomas A. Green (eds.), Martial Arts of the World An Encyclopedia of History and Innovation, Volume 2: Themes.  Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, pp. 363-369.

"Traditional Persian literature is filled with tails of heroic deeds of champions who are powerful and skilled on the battlefield and virtuous and good off of it. Those stories represent an Iranian ideal. This reverence is especially notable in Shah-nama (Book of Kings) written by Ferdowsi about 1010 CE. . . .".

Place of publication: USA

 

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67) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2010).  Iranian Martial Arts: Archery, Swordsmanship, Iranian Wrestling. In: Svinth, Joseph R. and Thomas A. Green (eds.), Martial Arts of the World An Encyclopedia of History and Innovation, Volume 1: Regions and Individual Arts.  Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, pp. 66-77.

"Iran is the name of an ancient country in the Middle East. Its historic culture is often known as Persian, after the Greek name for the indigeneous language. During ancient times, Iran was home to several vast empires. These included the Achaemenian Empire . . . "

Place of publication: USA

 

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Book contributions (2010)

66) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2010). Persian Swordmakers (Armeiros Persas). In: Rites of Power: Oriental Arms (Rituais de Poder: Armas Orientais), Casal de Cambra: Caleidoscópio, pp. 41-55.

 

"Similar to high quality Japanese Nihonto swords that are signed with their maker’s mark, some high quality Persian swords also bear their maker’s mark in the form of a gold-inlaid cartouche on the blade. However, most Persian swords are signed on the blades unlike the Japanese swords, which are signed on the tang. . . "

Place of publication: Portugal 

 

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For the Portuguese translation of this article by Dr. Vanda Noronha see ARMEIROS PERSAS

Articles in print journals and magazines (2010)

65) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2010). La Lucha: una Parte Integral de las Artes Marciales de Combate  en Irán. Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas, Volumen 5, Número 2, pp. 64–76.

 

"La lucha tuvo y sigue teniendo un papel muy importante en la cultura marcial iraní. El presente artículo discute en primer lugar los términos y diferentes usos de la lucha, ya fuese en duelos a brazo partido, esto es, sin armas, o en combinación con armas. Seguidamente se analizan tres documentos relevantes, como son un manuscrito sobre la lucha anónimo y sin título del periodo de Šāh Esmāil Safávida (1502-1524 d.C.), el manuscrito . . ."

Place of publication: Spain

 

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64) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2010). Ātaš-e Tupxāne-ye Irāni [The Firepower of Iranian Artillery]. Translated by Ashraf Haji. Majale-ye Jangafzār, Sāl-e Šešom [Sixth Year], Ābān Māh 1389 [November 2010], No. 71, pp. 22-25.

Place of publication: Iran



تاریخ دقیق و محل ساخت اولین توپخانه موضوعی بحث انگیز است و به روشنی مشخص نیست که اولین توپخانه

 

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63) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2010). Persian Symbols of Power: The Battleaxe.  Classic Arms and Militaria, December 2010/January 2011, pp. 34-37.

 

"In Iran the axe (in Persian tabar) has been an efficient weapon on the battlefield for centuries. It is not only an important weapon, but also used as a symbolic tool. Nāder Shāh Afshār is always portrayed with an axe in his statues and other artistic representations. . . ."

Place of publication: UK

 

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62) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2010).  Mounted Combat and Horse Classification in Persian Manuscripts.  International Journal of Eastern Sports & Physical Education, Vol. 8 No. 2, Oct. 2010, pp. 49-64.

 

"Mounted combat and the horse used to play a very important role in the Military history of Persia (Iran). In New Persian horse is called asb ﺍﺳﺐ (pl. asbān) (also spelled as asp) (see Onsori Balxi, 1990/1369,19) or markabﻤﺮﻛﺏ  (pl. markabān) (see Hakim,
unspecified date, 402).
The term asb has its origin the Old Avetsan language where it was called aspa (see Bahrāmi and Joneydi, 1990/1369, 154 and Reichelt (1968, 219). In the Avetsan, fighting on the horse back is called aspãyoδa (see Reichelt, 1968,219) and in Middle Persian asp-tāk (see Farahvaši, 2002b/1381, 191). . . "

Place of publication: South Korea

 

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61) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2010).  Persisches Bogenschießen Teil II.  Traditionell Bogenschiessen, 3. Quartal 2010, 56, pp. 64-67.

 

"In der letzten Ausgabe von Traditionell Bogenschießen hatten wir Auszüge daraus wiedergegeben, die sich überwiegend mit der Handhaltung an Bogen und Sehne und mit dem Zielen beschäftigen. In diesem zweiten Teil des Artikels geht es um das Ziehen des Bogens und das Lösen des Daumens an der Sehne. Zuvor aber soll noch kurz eine weitere Variante der Griffhaltung dargestellt werden: Qabze-ye Morabba’
(quadratischer Griff). . .
"

Place of publication: Germany

 

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60) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2010). Persischer Schwertkampf. Pallasch: Zeitschrift für Militärgeschichte, Organ der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Heereskunde, Heft 35, 14. Jahrgang 2010, pp. 23-29.

 

"Dieser Artikel schafft einen Überblick über die wichtigsten Angriffstechniken mit dem Schwert im persischen Schwertkampf. Das Wort Shamshir wird im Persischen als Oberbegriff für jede Art des Schwertes benutzt, unabhängig von der Krümmung der Klinge. . . ."

Place of publication: Austria

 

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59) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2010). Persian Weapons of Power, Part 1: The Mace.  Classic Arms and Militaria, Volume XVII Issue 4, pp. 42-45.

 

"Maces have played a double function in Iran since ancient times, as both a weapon and as a status symbol or symbol of office; hence, their manufacture has a long history. It is one of the oldest weapons, the choice of angels and izadān (deities) in the Avestā holy writings. . . . "

Place of publication: UK


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58) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2010). El Arma Sagrada: El Combate con Arco y Flecha en Irán. Revista de Artes Marcials Asiáticas, Volumen 5, Número 1, pp. 53-76.

 

"Este articulo presenta el desarrollo del arco y flecha y su papel importante en la historia de Iran. El arco siempre jugaba un papel muy importante ni solamente en las batallas sino en la caza. Tambien, se consideraba el arco una arma sagrada y ademas un simbolo royal. Se consideraba el arco y flecha una arma superior en comparacion con otras armas porque se podia batallar en una distancia mas segura que la distancia corta de otras armas ofrecida por espadas, mazas y hachas. . . ."

Place of publication: Spain 

 

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57) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2010).  Persisches Bogenschießen.  Traditionell Bogenschiessen, 2. Quartal 2010, 56, pp. 62-67.

 

"Eines der zahlreichen persischen Manuskripte über das Bogenschießen ist Jame al-Hadayat fi Elm al-Romayat (Das komplette Handbuch über die Wissenschaft vom Bogenschießen), das von Nezāmeldin Ahmad ibn Mohammad ibn Ahmad, bekannt als Shojaeldin Dorudbashi Beihaqi, während der Safaviden-Periode . . . ."

Place of publication: Germany

 

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56) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2010).  Persian Firepower: Artillery.  Classic Arms and Militaria, Volume XVII Issue 2, pp. 19–25.

 

"The exact date and place of production of the first cannon is a matter of dispute and it is not clear when and where the first cannon was even invented. The fact is that major European powers such as Spain, Portugal and England were using cannons by the second half of the 14th century AD. . . ."

Place of publication: UK


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55) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2010). La Masse d'Arme à Tête de Taureau: Une Combinaison de Puissance et de Prestige.  Traduit par Arun Singh. La Revue de Téhéran. Mensuel Culturel Iranien en Langue Française. N. 53, Avril 2010, 5e Annee, pp. 56-61.

 

"La masse d’arme à tête de taureau constitue un symbole du sacrifice de Mithra, qui tua un taureau puissant, afin de fertiliser la terre et nourrir la population. Le culte iranien du soleil et le dieu Mithra ont depuis longtemps influencé les fabricants d’armes et d’armures dans leur choix de motifs décoratifs, même dans la période islamique. A titre d’exemple, de nombreux boucliers et casques de l’époque qâdjâre sont décorés avec le soleil, . . ."

Place of publication: Iran & France (distributed widely in France and French speaking countries).

 

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54) Kaveh Farrokh and Manouchehr Moshtagh Khorasani (2010), Backbone of the Empire:Sassanian Savārān. Classic Arms and Militaria, Volume XVII Issue 1, pp. 36–41.

 

"The Sassanian elite cavalry formed the military backbone of the Persian Empire during the Sassanian period. There were three general stages in the tactical development of the Savaran. The first was a ‘Parthian’ stage in which units of superheavy cavalry were supported by lightly-armed ‘Sagittari’ horse archers. . . ."

Place of publication: UK

 

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53) Moshtagh Khorasani, Manouchehr (2010). Zeugnisse einer Zivilisation. Antike Welt. Zeitschrift für Archäologie und Kulturgeschichte, 1/2010, pp.57-60.

"Bis zur Aufführung einer Grabstätte aus der Zeit zwischen 1400 und 1000 v. Chr. war nicht viel über die Zivilisation des Ortes Marlik in der iranischen Provinz Gilan bekannt. Doch immer wieder gelangten Bronzeobjekte aus der Region in den Kunsthandel. Um dieser Situation Herr zu werden und . . ."

Place of publication: Germany

 

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© M.Khorasani Consulting